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Mandalay Geography

Mandalay is located in the central dry zone of Burma by the Irrawaddy river at 21.98° North, 96.08° East, 64 metres (210 feet) above sea level. Its standard time zone is UTC/GMT +6:30 hours.

Mandalay lies along the Sagaing Fault, a tectonic plate boundary between the India and Sunda  plates. (The biggest earthquake  in its history, with a magnitude of 7, occurred in 1956. The devastation however was greatest in nearby Sagaing, and it came to be known as the Great Sagaing Quake.)

Mandalay, Burma, the nation's second largest city. It is on the Irrawaddy River in north-central Burma, some 350 miles (560 km) north of Rangoon, the national capital. Mandalay is a hub of rail, road, air, and river transportation. Food processing, textile making, and artistic metalworking are among the city's industries. Mandalay has numerous Buddhist temples, pagodas, and monasteries. The University of Mandalay, founded in 1964, is the chief educational institution.

Mandalay was founded in 1857 to replace Amarapura as the Burmese capital. It remained the capital until 1885, when British troops took the city, completing their conquest of Burma. Mandalay sustained heavy damage during World War II, especially in 1945 during the fighting in which Britain regained it from Japan.