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About Mandalay

Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Burma. Located 445 miles (716 km) north of Yangon  on the east bank of the Irrawaddy River, the city has a population of one million and is the capital of Mandalay Region (formerly Mandalay Division).

Mandalay is the economic hub of Upper Burma and considered the center of Burmese culture. A continuing influx of Chinese immigrants, mostly from Yunnan Province, in the past twenty years, has reshaped the city's ethnic makeup and increased its economic dynamism. Despite Naypyidaw's recent rise, Mandalay remains Upper Burma's main commercial, educational and health center.

Mandalay History

Mandalay was founded by King Mindon in 1859, and was the last capital of an independent Burmese kingdom, annexed by the British in 1885.

Mandalay Economy

Mandalay is the major trading and communications center for northern and central Burma. 

Mandalay Geography

Mandalay is located in the central dry zone of Burma by the Irrawaddy river at 21.98° North, 96.08° East, 64 metres (210 feet) above sea level. Its standard time zone is UTC/GMT +6:30 ...

Mandalay Weather

Mandalay is much hotter and drier than Yangon to the south. During the peak of the wet season in May and June, the total rainfall is only about a quarter of the rain that Yangon receives. ...

People and Culture

Mandalay is Burma's cultural and religious center of Buddhism, having numerous monasteries and more than 700 pagodas. At the foot of Mandalay Hill sits the world's official "Buddhist Bible", also ...
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